Trees are wonderful additions to any garden, providing height, impact and shade. Trees can provide features or can be used to create boundary lines between property or sectioning areas of garden. There are countless varieties of trees that can be used to good effect in the home garden. Nut, fruit and avocado trees are best in the back to eden garden method. This is the method I choose to use for my food forest garden.
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Guide to Planting Trees in Fall
Fall is really the best time to plant trees as this allows them to establish themselves throughout the long dormant Winter season. Soil should be well prepared and of the right type for the tree which is to be planted.
First, dig a hole which should be at least two times the size of the tree root ball. Fork plenty of organic matter into the bottom of the hole and mix in a good amount of organic fertilizer or bone meal too. This will provide the tree with a good basis and help it to start its growth. If the soil in the surrounding area is prone to water logging it is a good idea to fork over the area and add plenty of grit or bark chippings for extra aeration.
Before removing the tree from its pot, water it well and then ease it from the pot gently. If the tree is pot bound with masses of roots wound tightly inside the pot and showing through the holes at the bottom of the pot, then gently tease some of the roots out of the root ball. This will enable the root mass to naturalize more easily.
Stand the tree inside the hole to check that the root ball is level with the surrounding soil. Hammer a short wooden tree stake into the hold alongside the root ball. This stake will provide your tree with support in its very early days. Fill the area around the roots with a good mix of topsoil and organic matter. Firm the tree in gently and water it well.
After a few days use tree ties to hold the tree trunk into place against the tree stake. Ensure that there is space between tree trunk and stake to prevent any chafing of the bark.
Finally mulch the tree well with a minimum of one inch layer of bark chippings or garden compost, which will ensure moisture retention.